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THE CULTURAL FORCE IN THE PUBLIC MARKETS OF RECIFE

More buying centers and sales of food and beverages, building and boxes reflect genuine popular culture and tell stories about the secular country.

With more than 500 boxes, the Market St Joseph's monument listed by IPHAN and the oldest prefabricated building in the country The iron rule is the same for all 30 public markets in Recife. Open the doors at 6 am, close to 18h. Gates are robust iron as solid structures of the walls. But each has history, architecture and own parish. Aside from the central markets, San Jose and Boa Vista, receiving mixed audience of all walks of life and corners of Recife, and also people from outside, from other states and countries, neighborhood markets have their own fraternities.

The Crossroads, for example, had its market opened on December 9, 1950, in the square that bears his name. It is where the best and the most complete food court among all public markets in Recife. It brings together the Portuguese brotherhood, to taste cod and octopus, cuisine brought by compatrício Manuel José Alves, 75, originally from traditional province of Tras-os-Montes and owner of Bragantino. One of the most known and appreciated codfish balls of the region.

Beside it is the hinterland connection with a poultry chicken (hillbilly call in the Southeast), cooked with vegetables and served with mush. Eat and taste accompanied by one of the 300 cachaça brands of Paraiba, Ceara, Bahia, Pernambuco and Minas Gerais, in cachaçaria My Goddess.

"The public market, and this applies to all markets of Pernambuco, is a symbol of northeastern culture. Here not only the characteristic products of our daily life, but also the personalities of our culture, "says the businessman Luciano Oliveira, who joined professionals and artists in an association called Markets Partners. "This is an enhancement project of the Northeast culture. Markets and symbolize our customs, "says the singer João Lacerda, son of the musician also Genival Lacerda, and member of the group.

French inspiration

"Market is hereditary business," says the president of the trade association of internal and external tenants of Market San Jose, ECSC Tavares, permittee three boxes. It follows father's footsteps and mother, traders who made a living selling live birds, turkeys, poultry chicken, quail, eggs and flour in the market for Crossroads.

Unlike parents, was in the business of herbs that trader specialized, the result of another family heirloom. Maternal grandparents, the nation of Xucurus Indians, taught her granddaughter the medicinal and culinary knowledge of roots and herbs gathered in the grounds of Passassunga district, city of Bom Jardim, in rural Pernambuco. Herbs, honey, potions for all ills, in all markets, in the San José has in abundance.

There are three primary trades inside the premises of St. Joseph. Meat, fish, crustaceans and cold in a sector the right of the main entrance. Rope handicrafts, leather, straw, wood, clay, embroidery, renaissance, networks, in almost every corner. Religious, with pictures, candles, beads, offerings, costumes, products related to Umbanda, in a smaller corner, but strong presence in the forms and colors, and a lot of vitality in sales.

In wrappers prevail herbs, honey and potions, tobacconists, beans, peanuts, guarana seed and other Amazonian origin, pastry shops and endless street, the street fair to electronic, stationery and school and office supplies, hardware, pots, coconut, sugarcane juice, breads and cakes, ice cream and popsicles, which make up a frantic movement. It is the most popular shopping center of Recife.

With more than 500 boxes, the market is a monument listed by the Institute of Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN) and the oldest prefabricated building in existing iron in Brazil, inaugurated on September 7, 1875. The entire market structure was manufactured in France and brought to be mounted in Recife. In 1989 a great fire destroyed more than half the area. Only in 1994 the restoration was completed, and the market resumed its place in the daily life of the neighborhood and the whole city.

The architecture is inspired by the Grenelle Market, Paris. A monument that favors tropical climate, with natural lighting and continuous air flow, so that the market does not feel the heat that plagues the streets next. Majestic in the forms, the size, the layout of the houses, and in great detail that impresses.

And it has a "relative" in the city, which is very similar in its architecture and the strength and tradition of trade, the Yellow House Market. The main structure is clearly inspired by the São José Market, although very modest. It was originally erected in Caxangá Avenue, in an area hitherto predominantly rural. In 1928, began to be dismantled and taken to the north district. Behind is an attachment, the first to be built, and already jarring of the original architecture. Others were erected nearby to house the informal trade that has always occupied public spaces such as streets and sidewalks.

Compare works is faced with the changes that have come to mark the public spirit. A building of nearly a century, which remains impressive in the social and historical daily life, their outlines traced in iron and English tiles, though always in need of more zeal. And its annexes made in recent decades, with zinc screens and exposed wiring, poorly engineered buildings and remains only because of the will of the people force. After all, it is a space to sell their products they battle.

The district of Boa Vista has the oldest market town still active, with its construction being ordered by a decree of October 21, 1823. The date of opening is inaccurate, but in 1865 the market was already included in the map. Built to meet the prosperous and noble population of the Boa Vista neighborhood, the market recorded in books and theses and in the memory of people a selling magazine slaves and also scourge of rogues (thieves). Such traders are anonymous in the contemporary and the historical and social record.

The Boa Vista Market is one of the most sought-after gastronomic spaces and leisure city, and preserve in its 64 boxes traditional trades and gifts from an early date, such as meats, fruits, vegetables and groceries, craft shop and a lounge Hairdressing. It has unique architecture between Recife markets with its wide front hall filled with porticos and composed of a large internal area lined square boxes on all sides, forming a square. The internal environment, with its jambeiros, jackfruit, sapodilla and Brazil wood weaving shadows on the patio for decades inspires not only the Bohemians as well as artists, intellectuals and politicians who make the Market Boa Vista a point of daily encounter.

Prison of the House of Culture

For over a century, the imposing building served as the Reef House of Detention, main prison in the city and Reference Empire Brazil. Housed killers politicians and intellectuals such as the writer Graciliano Ramos. And the fate of several political prisoners, as the communist Gregory Bezerra, first arrested there in 1917. Designed by Recife engineer Jose Mamede Alves Ferreira, opened in 1855 and completed in 1867, is a construction built to intimidate the revolutionary impulses that sprang up in every corner of Pernambuco.

After running 118 years as prison in 1973 was given its closure. Three years later, the building became known as the House of Culture of Pernambuco. Despite its name, actually functions as a public market for the craft trade. With 8,400 square meters of building area, houses two huge panels of Pernambuco Cicero Days painter, representing the Revolutions of 1817 and 1824. Pernambucanas and has 168 stores, including one of the most select public shopping centers of the state and visited mostly by tourists.

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